The Value of Biodiversity to the Economy: A Business Perspective

As the world grapples with the pandemic and the economic fallout, businesses everywhere are grappling with the idea of sustainability. There is no doubt that COVID-19 has shaken the world, and indeed, the business world to its core. At the same time, the planet is also grappling with another crisis: that of biodiversity loss. But what if we told you that the two crises could be dealt with together? What if we told you that protecting the world’s diverse ecosystems could actually boost the economy? Here’s a look at the business case for biodiversity and how it can help us build a more sustainable future.

The Economic Value of Biodiversity

The first thing you should understand is that biodiversity has an economic value. When you talk about the value of something, what comes to mind is usually its price in the market. But when we talk about biodiversity, we are referring to something more than that. Biodiversity includes all living things on the planet, and this diversity is what supports and shapes all the ecosystems that sustain life on Earth.

Biodiversity provides humans with a wide range of ecosystem services, including clean air, water, and food. These services also have a value for the economy. According to a report from the World Wildlife Fund, the total economic value of the benefits provided by nature, including biodiversity and ecosystems, is estimated to be around $125 trillion per year. This is more than twice the global GDP.

Business Opportunities in Biodiversity Protection

Protecting biodiversity is not just about saving endangered species; it also presents business opportunities. In fact, a report by the Business and Biodiversity Offset Program (BBOP) reveals that businesses can make significant financial gains from biodiversity protection initiatives. In particular, the report points out that companies can create additional revenue streams by developing and selling ecosystem services, such as carbon sequestration, water regulation, and pollination.

For example, companies that are involved in agriculture can make use of pollination services provided by bees, birds, and other insects. By creating habitats for these animals and promoting their presence on their farms, companies can increase the productivity of their crops, leading to higher profits. In addition, such practices help restore wild habitats and promote biodiversity.

Similarly, companies that are involved in forestry can sell carbon credits to offset their emissions. By maintaining or establishing forests, companies can sequester carbon and sell carbon credits on the market. This not only promotes biodiversity but also generates additional revenue for the company.

Benefits of Biodiversity Protection for Businesses

Protecting biodiversity can also benefit businesses in other ways. For one thing, businesses that make an effort to protect biodiversity can improve their brand reputation, attract more customers, and even attract talented employees who are committed to sustainability.

In addition, biodiversity protection can help businesses reduce their costs. Companies that rely on ecosystem services, like those in the agriculture, forestry, and fisheries sectors, can benefit from maintaining healthy ecosystems. For example, by relying on nature-based solutions such as restoring wetlands and coastal ecosystems, companies can reduce the cost of infrastructure projects such as flood protection.

Challenges in Implementing Biodiversity Protection Measures

Despite the business case for biodiversity, there are some challenges in implementing biodiversity protection measures. For one thing, companies may not be aware of the economic value of biodiversity and ecosystem services. They may also lack the knowledge and expertise required to develop and implement biodiversity protection measures.

Another challenge is that biodiversity protection measures may be considered too expensive or time-consuming. Companies may also be reluctant to invest in such measures if they are not mandated by regulations or if there is no clear financial return on investment.

How Businesses Can Implement Biodiversity Protection Measures

To overcome these challenges, businesses can take several steps to implement biodiversity protection measures. First, they need to understand the value of biodiversity and the ecosystems services it provides. This can be done by conducting a cost-benefit analysis of ecosystem services, conducting stakeholder consultations and partnering with organizations that specialize in biodiversity conservation.

Second, companies should develop biodiversity protection strategies that fit their particular context. This is best done through collaboration with other companies and organizations, including local communities and indigenous people who often have knowledge of traditional land management practices.

Third, companies should integrate biodiversity protection into their corporate sustainability strategies by setting targets, reporting performance and seeking certification through schemes such as the Global Reporting Initiative, CDP and the Forest Stewardship Council.


As businesses continue to grapple with the economic fallout from COVID-19, it is important to remember that protecting biodiversity can help to build a more sustainable economy. The economic value of biodiversity and ecosystems services is enormous, and businesses can make significant gains by investing in biodiversity protection initiatives. Biodiversity protection also has the potential to improve brand reputation, attract customers and talented employees and reduce costs. The challenges in implementing biodiversity protection can be overcome through understanding the value of biodiversity, developing biodiversity protection strategies and integrating biodiversity protection into corporate sustainability strategies. By doing so, businesses can contribute to a more sustainable future for all.